Every four (4) years the Halifax Regional Municipality conducts Municipal and School Board Elections, along with Special Elections if an elected position needs to be filled between elections.
In December 2011 the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board determined that the number of Districts (and Councillors) elected in HRM should be reduced from twenty-three (23) to sixteen (16).
In the Municipal Election held on October 20, 2012 voters in HRM elected one Councillor from each of sixteen (16) new districts and a Mayor, elected by all voters in HRM (at large).
The election for sixteen (16) Councillors and the Mayor (Regional Council) is carried out under the Provincial Municipal Elections Act (MEA).
During the Municipal Election HRM also carries out elections for School Board members under the Nova Scotia Education Act.
The Halifax Regional School Board (HRSB) is comprised of eight (8) elected members and one (1) African Nova Scotia representative elected byentitled voters. The Nova Scotia Education Act outlines the eligibility to vote in School Board Elections.
HRM also conducts elections for the Conseil scolarie acadien provincial (CSAP) electing three (3) members at large from HRM to the board by entitled voters.